The rocky mountain above the junction of two powerful European rivers Danube and Sava was ideal for establishing the city. Over the centuries, the city has changed many residents and lords, its
appearance and size, but not its dominant position. Its walls would whiten to newcomers from the river so it finally obtained the name Beograd (Serbian translation: a snowy town). The traveller
who drifted under the walls of Belgrade from far lands would be astounded by its sturdy fortress, tower height and castle symmetry near the peak of the hill. Inspired by the river breeze, gliding
beside town, new buildings, streets and squares, a boat would eventually find its calmness in one of the city's ports. And the traveler which we call tourist today, could see in the ship calendar
which the year is 1403, the first start of the XV century. That year, for the very first time, Belgrade became a capital of Serbia. At the time despot Stefan, the son of prince Lazar, was the god
of Serbia. Looking for a place to set Serbia's capital on the far north, using skillful diplomatic negotiations he managed to acquire Belgrade in the Hungarians. It took him only 23 years to turn
into a completely devastated and deserted place into a brand new and shining town. In Charter issued in town, despot Stefan wrote: I have discovered the most amazing place since time immemorial,
the wonderful town of Belgrade that is by case destroyed and abandoned. I increased it and dedicated to Holy Virgin.
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As an educated and sophisticated person, author of the most gorgeous lines of old Serbian literature and an avid writer, Despot Stefan mostly wanted to create Belgrade an economic, cultural and spiritual center of the nation.
With many significant financial benefits composed in the Charter, which had a gold stamp with the town's picture, Despot Stefan has brought many retailers, artisans and other residents, from his and other nations. Wishing to provide safe remain to all city's newcomers, despot Stefan first restored the old fortifications, defensive walls and towers.
Stefan then constructed "Gornji grad" (the top city) and also a palace complex as a distinct entity protected by a powerful tower, known as Nebojsa, along with a door with a movable bridge. There he lived with his loved ones and other nobles.
However, the city life was conducted at the lower city, in which the momentum of craft and trade through Despot's reductions was so overwhelming that the city increased tenfold. Save for the Serbian traders, Belgrade was mostly inhabited and visited by the Dubrovnik citizens and the Hungarians, along with a smaller variety of the French, the Italian, the Venetians as well as others. In today's conditions, it could be concluded that among other things, Belgrade was a rather well developed tourist city where people would shop. Belgrade marketplace offering was rich and diverse.
Most exported products were ore, lead, copper, mercury and valuable metals, silver and gold. Leather, cheese and wax followed. Salt, spices, candy, costly fabrics, clothes and jewelry pearls were imported. This means that the buying power of Belgrade citizens was at a high level because such a demand for luxury goods existed. In such a richly populated town there was a religious seat of the Serbian nation, a seat of the Belgrade metropolitan. For the purpose the despot assembles metropolitan church "Uspenije preciste Vladicice", on the east side of the town in a spacious garden decorated with various plantation. Along with this there were several churches and even a Catholic diocese that used by foreigners.
Belgrade attained the maturation of this kind thanks to a calm period and proficient and prudent policy of Despot Stefan, so the several towers and walls did not need to serve to ward off enemies. Travelers from several places, from the west and east, south and north could safely go to the capital of Serbia.
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